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German Squad Tactics in World War 2

  • Опубліковано 20 бер 2023
  • German Squad Tactics in World War 2. The German infantry squad was the mainstay of the German Wehrmacht in the Second World War. This video explores the basic organization of a German infantry squad, the concept of fire and movement, the deployment of the MG34 and its relation to the other squad members, as well as regular military tactics. Finally, there is an example of an attack on an enemy position.
    »» GET OUR BOOK: Army Regulation Medium Panzer Company 1941 German/English - www.hdv470-7.com/
    (A) You can support my channel on Patreon: www.patreon.com/join/mhv
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    Töpfer, Harry: German Tactical Manual
    Bull, Stephen: World War II Infantry Tactics - Squad and Platoon
    WWII German Map Symbols by James Byrne
    Oberkommando des Heeres: Hinweise für die Ausbildung der Infanterie auf Grund der Erfahrungen des Ostfeldzuges, H. Qu. O.K.H., 1.3.1942
    Song: Ethan Meixsell - Demilitarized Zone
    The Counter-Design is heavily inspired by Black ICE Mod for the game Hearts of Iron 3 by Paradox Interactive


  • Military History Visualized
    Military History Visualized  5 років тому +357

    For late-war German infantry tactics involving the StG44 (MP 44 / MP 43) check out our book:
    » The Assault Platoon of the Grenadier-Company November 1944 (StG 44) - sturmzug.com
    If Panzers are more your thing, check out our translation of the a 1941 regulation:
    » Army Regulation Medium Panzer Company 1941 - www.hdv470-7.com
    Video on Panzergrenadier Tactics: uaclips.com/video/DVM6QQuYE3M/відео.html
    Infographics poster for this video: www.redbubble.com/people/mhvis/works/31141375-german-infantry-squad-1941-die-gruppe?p=poster&finish=semi_gloss&size=medium

    • Michael Terrell
      Michael Terrell Рік тому

      Love the video and channel.

    • sun light525
      sun light525 3 роки тому

      Man merkt das du deutscher bist 😂

    • Alex Gräfe
      Alex Gräfe 3 роки тому

      @Max Haase ja 😂😂😂

    • Christopher Yeniver
      Christopher Yeniver 4 роки тому

      @Mik Deroost Unfortunately this is not the official De Re Militari De Germania. You'lll have to wait for the restoration of Western Civilization for that release.

    • Christopher Yeniver
      Christopher Yeniver 4 роки тому

      @Max Scott Here is Germania Über Alles uaclips.com/video/wtoWkEPh0I4/відео.html

  • John Doe
    John Doe 3 роки тому +1844

    German squad tactics:
    1. The machine gun
    2. Everyone else

    • Tiago Monteiro
      Tiago Monteiro 3 дні тому

      @Timothy Odeyale Were did you learn History they were still profetional rifleman with years of experience since childhood also every German Soldier is trained to use the machine gun go ahead take out the machine gunner another one will just pick it up

    • Harrison Stott
      Harrison Stott 2 місяці тому

      @Jack Boyed Jesus I wrote this sarcastic comment 2 years ago and everyone totally missed the sarcasm in it.

    • Jack Boyed
      Jack Boyed 2 місяці тому

      @Harrison Stott The Soviets could not win the war on their own. Because they lost half their population and industrial area in the early days of the war.

  • Coral Polyps
    Coral Polyps 3 роки тому +1229

    _Are you a German?_
    _Are you in a German infantry squad?_
    _Are you using an MG34/MG42?_
    _You are an ammo bearer for the Machine Gunner._
    But wait, can't I be a regular rifleman or a sniper-
    _You are an ammo bearer._
    What about a mortar-
    _You are an ammo bearer._
    But I outra-
    _You are an ammo bearer._
    But I-
    _You are an ammo bearer._

    • Grieve Tan
      Grieve Tan Місяць тому

      @JerryOnlyChild 10 bullets per clip gang rise up

    • YL Pan
      YL Pan Місяць тому

      @MikeDubya umm no. The accuracy and firing rate of a Kar98k is no matched for a Garand.

    • DannyZero69
      DannyZero69 4 місяці тому +2

      @SimplyLimbo one round for the enemy, one round for the deserter and one round for you if captured!

    • Iron Star Of Mordian
      Iron Star Of Mordian 8 місяців тому

      @Easy 8 that's the Garand, a which was pretty much the only rifle of its time to be in mass service and semi auto.

    • Iron Star Of Mordian
      Iron Star Of Mordian 8 місяців тому

      @JerryOnlyChild not for a bolt gun.

  • DressUpYourPet2
    DressUpYourPet2 6 років тому +1820

    i have read hundreds of books on German WW2 battles and tactics, to try and figure out how they beat superior numbers and enemies over and over again. And not one of them explained the basic principles of a German infantry attack so clearly as this. Good job.

    • Damien R.
      Damien R. Рік тому

      @anders björkman Chills reading that, I suppose that's why so many fought to the bitter end. Thank you for sharing.

    • Dale McCracken
      Dale McCracken Рік тому

      They were successful using combined arms. Infantry supported by tanks ,aircraft, artillery

    • Ferdrew Flores
      Ferdrew Flores Рік тому

      Same ! 👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼

    • Rubricatus Seneca
      Rubricatus Seneca 2 роки тому +1

      @Master Flow the meth was only useful in the Polish campaigns when there was consistent and constant movement of troops. The longer the war went on the less effective the meth became. I think the German success had more to do with domestic factors such as high birth rate, large industry, and an overwhelming civilian support.

    • Zack Lofton
      Zack Lofton 2 роки тому

      @Mars 1 why? its accurate, our country is in distress. Therefore it's perfectly fine to fly the american flag upside down.

  • 73kimura
    73kimura 3 роки тому +82

    Ein großes Kompliment für die überaus akribische und seriöse Recherche und Darstellung! Sie füllen eine Lücke und das auf großartige Weise. Große Ahnung von der Materie ohne ins naive Schwärmen und gedankenloses Reproduzieren von Wehrmachtsmythen zu verfallen, das ist leider sehr selten (vor allem außerhalb der akademischen Welt. Hier auf UAclips ist es wirklich wertvoll ..Vielen Dank!

  • PistolPT03
    PistolPT03 6 років тому +616

    As a Cold War Marine, I freaking Loved this vid. All the tactics of a USMC fire team in the offensive are burned into my brain from almost 40 yrs ago, but I enjoy learning more about what the common grunt , regardless of the flag they fought for, was expected to do and how they were utilized.

    • Rhys Nichols
      Rhys Nichols 2 роки тому

      Obviously these tactics worked well....there’s a reason the German army (a nation the size of Texas) took over mainland Europe and fought on 3 fronts for 6 years.

    • Steve Loeschke
      Steve Loeschke 4 роки тому +2

      Wow this is the first Time in UAclips history i read Comments where People Talk to eachother without talking bullshit and insaults.

    • fetuso fetuso
      fetuso fetuso 4 роки тому +1

      The LMG provided the highest volume of fire. In a best case scenario case the volume of fire of one LMG was equivalent to that of 10 riflemen under ideal conditions, and "best case" and "ideal" are words you rarely hear on a battlefield.
      There is also the question of sustainability of fire, as the riflemen had to stop and reload very often while the LMG simply kept going until it had to reload or change barrel.
      Therefore it was much more efficient to use the LMG section for the base of fire, and the majority of the men for their intended role, which was the actual assault.

    • Knut Der Große
      Knut Der Große 4 роки тому

      Pete Rhein
      Siempre Fi !

    • midcash
      midcash 4 роки тому +1

      Brooooo same lol I was like what how can you have a squad that doesnt have 13 men lol

  • jameskbarron
    jameskbarron 3 роки тому +15

    It's interesting to me that my combat load is nearly the same as the whole of a WWII German squad. As grenadier, I carry 7 30 round mags, a bandolier of another 210 rounds on stripper clips, 12 40mm grenades (smoke and HE-DP), and whatever else my SL designates (7.62 for MG, 60mm for Mortars, TOW, etc.)

  • macker33
    macker33 6 років тому +7855

    German accent for extra authenticity.

    • Viola Krone
      Viola Krone 8 місяців тому

      Sounds like dänisch accent

    • Jennifer Schmitz
      Jennifer Schmitz 10 місяців тому

      Austria isn’t Germany
      (👉🇩🇪 Germany)…… (🇦🇹 👈Austria )
      u see … fun with flags 🙌

    • coco_Killua
      coco_Killua Рік тому

      @Tom Servo br

  • Scoots
    Scoots 6 років тому +331

    Great Video!
    The majority of principles of Squad tactics haven't changed to this very day(equipment and armament of course has).
    A modern squad(Gruppe) within the Bundeswehr is up to twelve soldiers strong(the actual number depends on the branch, there are differences between the Jäger, Fallschirmjäger, Gebirgsjäger and Panzergrenadiere).
    There is of course still a squad leader(an NCO like a Feldwebel or Oberfeldwebel) and a second in command(a junior NCO like a Unteroffizier or a Stabsunteroffizier; or even an experienced enlisted soldier)
    Additionaly to the MG-Team(which only consists of two men these days) the squad also uses a Panzerfaust-Team and a soldier carrying a DMR(usually a G3ZF or G28).
    Contrary to the US-squad, the german squad acts as one group and only splits up when it has to.
    For example during an attack we change the 12-man squad to three 4-man teams which are called Stoßtrupps(and yes, the whole thing is called Stoßtrupptaktik). However there are no designated assault or fireteams right from the start.
    The steps within the offensive actions(Development, deployment, advancing, attack and penetration) are still the same as in WWII and are teached at the infantry school like back in the days.
    Source: over 10 years of active service as a squad and platoon leader within the Bundeswehr

    • RealTalk
      RealTalk 11 місяців тому

      If you let the MG guy move first then he will be killed first in an ambush, why not let riflkeman/recon go first?

    • Karl Gustafsson
      Karl Gustafsson Рік тому

      US squads at the time had a lot more specialised/designated positions I think. They can have two specialised scouts/security men, grenadiers and such. A lot more radio operators.
      The US BAR team looks similar. One BAR gunner with one or two assistants lugging stuff, loading and clearing jams. Medical staff belongs to company, and are alloted to platoons.

    • Oliver Schwarz
      Oliver Schwarz 4 роки тому

      @Andreas Have you heard a german MG3? IT is a slightly modified MG42 aka the Bonesaw because it tore people in two.

    • Oliver Schwarz
      Oliver Schwarz 4 роки тому

      McZidanne Maybe they intentionally used a time of peace to shrink down on their cold war equipment and sell it worldwide. The only real threat to the NATO is Russia, China or a combination and the business relations are so sweet.

    • Andreas
      Andreas 4 роки тому +2

      i know that too. the main reason for this is that our assault rifles can do the same job as an MG for a short time. Just to mention the reason why it is like this today. normally the machinegun has a higher caliber thats why its used better on 'hard targets' (like fortified enemys) and the assault rifles are better used on weak targets (like just soldiers in a trench or on a weak position)

  • DOSsector
    DOSsector 6 років тому +4835

    I just select them all and right click on the enemy base.

  • HotaruZoku
    HotaruZoku 6 років тому +21

    Thank you for this. Friend of mine recently talked me into being German in our WWII reenactments, and if I'm going to be the bad guys I may as well be using effective, realistic tactics.

    • cresswelled
      cresswelled Місяць тому +2


    • One Pneuma
      One Pneuma Рік тому +9

      There is no good or bad but thinking makes it so. -Shakespeare

  • Darkmesna1
    Darkmesna1 6 років тому +15

    When the STG44 was introduced, this vastly increased German Squad efficiency immensely! Although it was too late to bring any results.
    The Assault rifle was able to make advancing much easier, especially when all riflemen equipped with the STG44 could maintain a level of suppressive fire.

    • Karl Gustafsson
      Karl Gustafsson Рік тому +1

      In the US infantry forces, they have the BAR. Sometimes they describe understrength squads and platoons where half the survivors get their hands on BARs. At some points they debate officially adding a second BAR to each squad.

  • AJ Constantine
    AJ Constantine 3 роки тому +19

    I can’t believe it’s taken this long for this channel to finally find its way into my feed. A military-/war-history fanatic’s dream channel. 👏👏👍

    • Military History Visualized
      Military History Visualized  3 роки тому +8

      welcome, be sure to check out my second channel Military History not Visualized as well.

  • Jonny Abshier
    Jonny Abshier 6 років тому +6

    This is very cool as a former infantryman, it is pretty awesome to see that the infantry squad tactics have been pulled together from all conflicts and even mimic that of other countries. Thanks for this

  • pieter van veen
    pieter van veen 4 роки тому +93

    "in order to be a leader in the field, a superior must display an exemplary bearing before his men in the moment of danger and be willing to die for them." beautifull text!

  • Mister Eckhoff
    Mister Eckhoff 3 роки тому +66

    Its amazing how much of this relates to modern combat tactics

    • liam Anderson
      liam Anderson Рік тому

      the germans are modern combat but in the past

    • Nihon Ryōiki
      Nihon Ryōiki Рік тому +3

      @Shawn Ladue They said "modern" not US.

    • Hein
      Hein 2 роки тому +3

      @Kody Reeves I'd argue over the millenia as the driving force shifted from melee to cavalry to ranged weapons the nature of infantry (considering cavalry a form of infantry) combat itself certainly changed...

    • Shawn Ladue
      Shawn Ladue 2 роки тому

      US Army Squad tactics aren’t similar to this at all.

    • Kody Reeves
      Kody Reeves 2 роки тому

      Infantry weapons change, Infantry combat does not

    MARSOC MANIAC 3 роки тому +116

    funnily enough my grandfather always told me that he was "Schütze 1" and rockin the MG 42, but never that he was the first one.
    When they were in N. Africa Nepalese Gorkha had approached them, and he told us that he wrecked barrel after barrel shooting em because the commander had told them "if you dont shoot at them, theyre gonna throw their tiny knives and hit your fn artery from 50 meters". so in the middle of the desert, unarmed people came assaulting them, and they had no choice but to load the fn MG42 and shoot.He was 20 years old at that time.

    • Dylan McDermott
      Dylan McDermott 7 місяців тому

      Nepalese Gorkha in N Africa? You mean British soldiers? Why would they be unarmed?

    • Malnutrition Boy
      Malnutrition Boy Рік тому

      @Canadian GamersUnited agreed, “Repeat a lie often enough and it becomes the truth” (Joseph Goebbels)

    • Malnutrition Boy
      Malnutrition Boy Рік тому

      @Visassess i'm not against or for you. just want to add that americans also put americans with japanese ethnicity in concentration camps during ww2. all sides were bad, no point seeing who committed the most crimes. history is written by the victors so we leave some undesirable actions buried,. old men gave orders, young men did what they had to do to survive.

    • Canadian GamersUnited
      Canadian GamersUnited Рік тому

      @Jackson Constable Gonna be honest, I don't even remember what I said

    • Canadian GamersUnited
      Canadian GamersUnited Рік тому

      @Dreadnought Hvor ono

  • Ben Cera
    Ben Cera 6 років тому +446

    I'm Asian but I love zee Germans.. Travelled around Bavaria a few years ago and was so amazed at how clean and efficient it was, even cleaner than Japan (that's really clean) and even though I was getting a lot of looks it was never malicious, just curiosity, which was mutual.
    Sorry, this has nothing to do with WWII tactics. Just heard the narrators voice and remembered beer halls and friends.

    • Albert Speer
      Albert Speer Рік тому

      You never visited Berlin or other citys then

    • Sir Ravenstein
      Sir Ravenstein Рік тому

      @Michael Atorn it is one after all

    • Michael Atorn
      Michael Atorn Рік тому

      @Sir Ravenstein Is texas the average US state?

    • Michael Atorn
      Michael Atorn 2 роки тому

      bavaria is not germany.

  • Walter Alter
    Walter Alter 6 років тому +2

    Great graphics and diagrams. I've often read that German small unit tactics were superior to those of the Allies due to their autonomy in reacting to the battlefield parameters. Many of those tactics evolved from WWI as explained in Indy Neidell's "The Great War" UAclips series. I'll check out your other videos.

    • daniko20
      daniko20 4 роки тому

      I heard the same very often, allthough i cant quote any sources. Supposedly the nazis, witch is ironic because it counterpoints their political system, had a lot of freedom for military leaders down to even the small units, to work indipendently and creative.
      They where given goals, but very often the means of how to reach those goals where free to the leader of the different units.
      I often heard that this gave the wehrmacht a big plus and is one of the reasons why they could fight so long while taking such heavy blows at the end of the war, while most other armies of the time would have broken much earlier.

  • white knight
    white knight 6 років тому +728

    now i just need an army

    • Aati Niiranen
      Aati Niiranen 3 роки тому


    • Sand Man
      Sand Man 3 роки тому

      I like help uou

    • Cameroon Emperor 🅥
      Cameroon Emperor 🅥 3 роки тому

      no, first try to be accepted to an art university, if no, you need an army.

    • Gal .S. Elbaz
      Gal .S. Elbaz 3 роки тому

      @Prince Trunks OK BOOMER

    • DH S
      DH S 3 роки тому

      I'm currently working on taking over the world. Maybe we should collaborate....

  • Hyrum Cannon
    Hyrum Cannon 3 роки тому +296

    MHV: Weapons are scaled correctly. Ammo isn't
    Me: Okay
    MHV: *Weapons appear onscreen--they are half a head taller than the troops*
    Me: WHAT

    • lamp trent
      lamp trent 2 роки тому +12

      Clearly the men are ammo, and not weapons.

    • IamNeverPro
      IamNeverPro 2 роки тому +4

      Slavic bUT tHe KAr98k waS nOT an antI tANK gUn!

    • MrPaperVader
      MrPaperVader 2 роки тому +43

      He obviously meant in comparison to other weapons and not men

    • memo boy
      memo boy 3 роки тому +7

      Lmao yeah

  • Jarod Mitchell
    Jarod Mitchell 6 років тому +1

    I would like to see not only other branches tactics (fallschirmjager, ect), but also these tactics being used in conjunction with armor, paratroopers, ect. This was a well done video, more done like this on a greater scale would be most satisfactory.

  • Invoker
    Invoker 6 років тому +536

    that german accent you have talkin in english makes the vid even better...danke

    • Travis Reed
      Travis Reed Рік тому +1

      German DID NOT sound like WHAT I THOUGHT, then. I LEGITIMATELY thought that this guy was from Brazil or something. I'm not trying to be mean, or anything, I'm just saying.

    • Genetic._.Jackal
      Genetic._.Jackal Рік тому

      @Melvin Jansen you got an insecurity problem or somethin? ☠️

    • Name was already taken
      Name was already taken Рік тому

      As a real german i must say it sounds realy funny. Sorry for my cruel english skills. Grüße aus Deutschland. Sehr geiles Video

    • Melvin Jansen
      Melvin Jansen Рік тому

      @Greedy Orange gay

  • Paul Denton
    Paul Denton 4 роки тому +1

    Rate of fire definitely changes the battlefield compared to modern times. Very interesting. This is good squad leader tactics for 'Post Scriptum' - a military sim game based on WWII. I had a go of the public test, which took place in recreated maps of Oosterbeek and Driel (1944). Only difference is when playing the Wehrmacht in game, the MG 34 and MG42 doesn't need assistant squad members. Still has the standard 1x squad leader (with a K98k or MP40) and 9x squad members all get the standard K98k, but each squad can replace standard units with some specialist kits such as a Medic or a LAT using the Panzerfäust 60.

  • Alexey Vovk
    Alexey Vovk 3 роки тому +92

    Helped me beat a Men of War Assault Squad 2 mission on heroic difficulty.

  • Marvin Runyon
    Marvin Runyon 6 років тому +53

    I would like to see another video highlighting the major difference between German and Soviet & American squad tactics.

    • The Sound of Loneliness
      The Sound of Loneliness 4 роки тому +2

      Sicne when russians care about logical sense? I live right next to them and I fail to see any

    • Matt S
      Matt S 4 роки тому

      BIGGESTblade that is a misconception and was not widespread. That would make no logical sense.

    • SStoj
      SStoj 4 роки тому +13

      Basing your knowledge of Soviet tactics on Enemy at the Gates is a mistake.

    • The Sound of Loneliness
      The Sound of Loneliness 4 роки тому +8

      Soviet tactics were like that: 1. Conscription of anyone able to carry a rifle. 2. Giving them a few rifles 3. Telling the unlucky ones to get themselves a weapon in combat 4. Sending everyone onto german machineguns.

  • Keyboard runner
    Keyboard runner 6 років тому +2

    Amazing. Those tactics (line, column, attack pattern...) are still trained and used today in the German army. Even with one weapon remaining the same.

  • Gamesick2077
    Gamesick2077 6 років тому +2210

    russian tatics:
    Squad leader"come on men they have to reload some time!"

    • Last Hussar
      Last Hussar 2 роки тому

      Russian Tactics: "We have more men than you have bullets"
      Been working since 1805.

    • Jag Betty
      Jag Betty 3 роки тому

      @xkopp375 they did treat there troops like shit

    • Анатолий Карабасов
      Анатолий Карабасов 3 роки тому

      jondonwayne wayne You forget that there were not only Germans. And there was a huge difference how the POWs were treated. The total military losses were 10 Germans to 13 Soviets. We could easily win this race executing every last Gans like they did with our POWs.

    • Анатолий Карабасов
      Анатолий Карабасов 3 роки тому

      jondonwayne wayne The massive help should had been done when Stalin offered creation of anti-Hitler alliance instead that shit at Munich. Those 4% of Soviet GDP that came as Lend lease surely did it's job. But what do you call "Germany alone?" It was Reich III - the whole fucking Europe excluding only Britain. With Spain and Italy in alliance. While our "Aliance" had sent 0 troops. 0 divisions. Leaving only stinky trails on the beaches of Dunkirk.

    • Анатолий Карабасов
      Анатолий Карабасов 3 роки тому

      jondonwayne wayne You even do not call the year like the war was only in 44. And your numbers are taken from Nazi propaganda. You didn't know that US adopted Nazi propaganda department in one peace and continued the music and call me brainwashed lol.

  • Maxajax
    Maxajax 6 років тому

    A good explanation with good visualizations. As an added bonus, I think that these tactics might have been the progenitor for the squad tactics used by Imperial Guard platoons in Warhammer 40k tabletop. The dividation of 10 infantrymen where one is the squad leader, two operate the heavy bolter, autocannon or lascannon, one is the second in command with a radio set and six riflemen to form the meat of the unit, acting in platoon form with direct or indirect fire support. Time to see if you've made any videos covering German armoured tactics. That's something I still wish to see.

  • powerfly777
    powerfly777 6 років тому +1

    Could you discuss differences on British platoon tactics in comparison to German ones? Or maybe how assault rifles changed platoon dynamics in German ww2 army. Also, good work, keep delivering good stuff.

  • Kurt Ruiz, Jr.
    Kurt Ruiz, Jr. 2 роки тому +3

    For those of you who play Bolt action, Use these tactics. they work really well. Also if you don't have a german faction, look at this guy's other videos on ww2 tactics!

    • Corvus boreus
      Corvus boreus 2 роки тому +1

      I also find them just as, if not more applicable for use in Chain of Command, which restricts unit selection to the historical configuration and gives the German MGs more fire-power than the rest of the squad's rifles combined.
      Much more realistic IMHO.

  • Francesco Piras
    Francesco Piras 6 років тому +6

    Great video again. The clarity and professionalism with all the sources makes it a real pleasure to watch.
    Are you planning on doing a video like this on panzer tactics any time soon because that would be amazing?

    • Dolphinowl245
      Dolphinowl245 6 років тому

      Panzer tactics would help me alot! I love history, and this is a great video.

    • Military History Visualized
      Military History Visualized  6 років тому +2

      yeah, I guess I will make in 2016, but I first need to take a look at the material.

  • Tal
    Tal 4 роки тому +24

    When I was an artilleryman in the IDF, the only infantry tactics we were taught was to split into two fire teams and immediately advance on the enemy position with one fire team covering and another moving in 3-second bursts, then switching, until both teams are close enough to charge together and overwhelm the position.
    Infantry guys do get trained on more varied tactical options, including a lot of urban combat. We have probably the world's biggest urban combat training arena out in the desert.

    • Bokar
      Bokar 10 місяців тому

      @Jake visit said "occupied territories"
      You'll find the frontier.

    • Jake
      Jake 3 роки тому +3

      @Dan S yes, it's called The Occupied Territories

    • Dan S
      Dan S 3 роки тому

      Regarding urban training in the desert.
      Did they set up an urban type town ( buildings, alleys, schools, vehicles, a few street people mix into the scene )to replicate as near as possible.
      Just curious.

  • thevoxdeus
    thevoxdeus 6 років тому

    It might be interesting to do a video contrasting this with another nation or service, for example, comparing to USMC squad tactics, which revolved around the use of three equal "fire teams" compared to the German division into 2 units, one MG team and one rifle team.
    Just an idea for a future video if you're so inclined.

  • Chris
    Chris 5 років тому

    Former 11b Infantry Army US and then 5 years Marines. These tactics are simplified compared to what the US currently does now. That said, I have to wonder if our current squad tactics were written originally by the Germans or taught to us by the Germans in the field of combat. Subbed. Thank you.

    • M BR
      M BR 5 років тому

      Christopher Bennett Written for a conscript army that was actually expected to adapt them (Auftragstaktik - this is your target, you decide how to achive it) Early WW2 Wehrmacht and Cold War Bundeswehr had a tendency to consider Manuals a "nice fallback and source of Inspiration" rather then "set in stone on Mt. Sinai"

  • Tim Sullivan
    Tim Sullivan 4 роки тому

    EXACTLY the type of explanation I'd been looking for! Until now, I never got how a well-fortified defensive position could be taken without attackers suffering unavoidably high casualties (excepting assaults that permitted easy flanking or encirclement). Although aware of all the individual features of such an attack, particularly helpful for me was sequencing these actions with situational variations. Thanks so much.

  • Tobias Neufeldt
    Tobias Neufeldt 4 роки тому

    I was in the german Gebirgsjäger and we still use very similar tactics plus how the squad is organized and how we move. We usually have two MG3 but thats it and one or two panzer faust

  • Karelwolfpup
    Karelwolfpup 6 років тому +17

    will be interesting to see how this evolves, especially when taking into account Fallschirmjager, grenadier, sturmpioniere/infanterie and a greater preponderence of automatic and semiautomatic weapons.

    • Karelwolfpup
      Karelwolfpup 6 років тому +1

      ***** there were some awesome skins and vehicles that I used to dick about with on my old PC back when I played CoH.

    • Tiger Baron
      Tiger Baron 6 років тому +3

      Karelwolfpup It still rather is, Europe at War used to have monthly updates until now, Idk what happened to Blitzrkrieg, The Great War was said to be still being developed very slowly by one guy, the French "expansion" to the mod so to speak.

    • Karelwolfpup
      Karelwolfpup 6 років тому +2

      ***** oh dayum, been ages since I played that, forgot about the modding scene for CoH

    • Tiger Baron
      Tiger Baron 6 років тому

      Karelwolfpup Company of Heroes, relicnews is a fan site for it.

    • Karelwolfpup
      Karelwolfpup 6 років тому

      ***** a game? what game?

  • DungeonPastor
    DungeonPastor 6 років тому +1

    First time I've seen you pop up and I'm glad I did. It was interesting to see not just the differences but also the similarities these older tactics have to today's. I could see how the use of the rifleman as a "shock" element could become a fatal flaw as fully and semi automatic weapons become more common amongst an enemy. Very interesting. sub'd.

  • Tyler Jourdan
    Tyler Jourdan 6 років тому +50

    Not terribly different from squad tactics of today. US. Army acts in two different teams. Assault and fire team. Our formation, by doctrine, has us in a staggered column. A straight column is only used on road marches. Light and heavy mgs are designated for the fire team to maintain fire superiority while the assault team takes position. Fire is shifted and the assault comes in from the flank. Battle drill 1 alpha. Every soldier knows it by heart.

    • Tom Wald
      Tom Wald 4 роки тому

      Not exactly true. Fire and maneuver, for example, was pioneered by the Germans, especially then Leutnant Erwin Rommel, to enable riflemen to pin down and assault positions successfully, especially machine guns.

    • Zach Haus
      Zach Haus 6 років тому +1

      Tyler Jourdan well said bro. 307th combat mp

    • agusti92
      agusti92 6 років тому +1

      Not even close to the MG 34.

    • zoolkhan
      zoolkhan 6 років тому +1

      you learned from the best :-)

    • armynurseboy
      armynurseboy 6 років тому +6

      Yup. the M1 gave the US rifle squad a lot of firepower. Now the US squad also had a BAR, but while that was a good weapon, it could not deliver the same kind of suppressive fire as an MG42.

  • gunraptor
    gunraptor 4 роки тому

    Is there any chance that you could do this kind of video for other factions, like the Americans, French, Chinese, and Japanese, etc?
    This is one of the best videos you have done to date, and I would love to see the infantry tactics, structure, and doctrine of other nations.
    If you could do this for other eras of warfare, such as looking at the Roman Legions or the the Union / Confederate Armies' "squad" structures, that would also be amazing.

  • Ostrowulf
    Ostrowulf 6 років тому

    Tactics have not changed a lot. That was by in large the same way I got trained with a few minor details. We have 2 lmgs per section, the lmg does not really need an assistant, so it just gets an ammo carrier to go with. Still usually a 10 man section, though if in an armoured personnel carrier three are crew for that (I believe the call to reduce to 7 men on the ground was based on space in vehicles that we bought, as we were recently looking at getting a bigger vehicle that would allow us 10 on the ground again). That and we also have grenade launchers in the sections now, but that is just a tech improvement. Oh, and we roll with 3 sections in a platoon, not 4.

  • TommyTwobats
    TommyTwobats 6 років тому

    Thanks. I was hoping to learn about defense doctrine too. Seeming the Germans were in retreat for nearly 40 months of the 47 month war in the east and they were often out numbered but managed to employ elastic defense. Perhaps there were no manuals for retreat?

  • B Light
    B Light 6 років тому +4

    Would be nice to see what the withdrawal/evade phase looked like according to book. I know from personal experience that walking into ambush should be avoided at all costs; however, once it happens its the squad/platoon leader that must get his men out of there and with minimal injuries or the fewest casualties.

    • Nikolai Kalashnikov
      Nikolai Kalashnikov 6 років тому +1

      7:38 - Achieve temporary fire superiority and employ "Fire & Movement which means that one part of the squad fires to cover the movement of the other the part of the squad."
      Eventho he shows the troops advancing, it can actually be used to advance or to retreat.

  • Tapio Winqvist
    Tapio Winqvist 6 років тому +2

    One of the best youtube videos I've seen. This video, from the visual standpoint and from the contents, could be used for educational purposes even today, because the basics of squad tactics haven't changed so much since ww2.

  • Tom M
    Tom M 6 років тому

    Really appreciated that! So different from fireteams within a squad, how I was trained, years ago. Lots of firepower with GPMG's at squad level!

    • Karl Gustafsson
      Karl Gustafsson Рік тому

      The US equivalent would have been riflemen with semi-automatic rifles and one or two (or three) BARs with instructions to call artillery missions liberally on their luxurious platoon radio.

  • illuminem
    illuminem 3 роки тому

    Armies with a winning tradition (regardless of the outcome of individual battles or even wars) generally employ similar sound tactics. The difference between these armies and the less glorious ones is most likely that the former not only have the implacable will to win, but also the unshakable BELIEF that victory is not only possible, it's certain.

  • DeKrischa
    DeKrischa 6 років тому

    The bayonet was mentioned a few times. I took two semesters in Japanese history and my prof told, that at times of WWII the Royal Japanese Army was the only army that was still trained at the bayonet. To what extent was it used in the German Reich?

    • Lonadar13
      Lonadar13 5 років тому

      Even US GIs had bayonets; why give up a tool that can prove useful in combat (stabbed!) and out of combat? It was a utility knife too, like to open rations, etc. Handy to have, and a good way to conserve ammo

  • Dwight D Eisenhower
    Dwight D Eisenhower 5 років тому +1

    Can you do one of these on The Red Army? I know there is a lot of misconceptions about their tactics and equipment but I would love to hear it in your wonderful video formats.

  • The Gent
    The Gent 6 років тому +77

    This is amazing. Can you do similar for Panzers?

  • Hjalfnar HistoryGaming
    Hjalfnar HistoryGaming 6 років тому

    Could you do a video on the effectivness of german and allied infantry tactics? It seems german infantry often was superior to allied infantry if it came to squad/company vs squad/company situations, which the allied infatry countered by excessive use of artillery and air support. Though in direct 1vs1 the US forces for example had the advantage of their self loading rifles.

  • Sean Rundell
    Sean Rundell 6 років тому

    Outstanding! I love to hear other countries table of organization and equipment, plus tactics. There was a big book I referenced a lot as a sniper instructor(SOTIC) called "THE GERMAN SNIPER 1914-1945. If I remember correctly the sniper(Scharfschütze) was a company or battalion asset. During the interbellum most nations dropped their specialized sniper units, notably the Germans. The only nation that had specially trained sniper units during the 1930s was the Soviet Union.

    • Karl Gustafsson
      Karl Gustafsson Рік тому

      Why was the sniper training dropped? And how did it make a return? I know we train sniper specialists here today.

  • TheHolyOne FlagBearer
    TheHolyOne FlagBearer 3 роки тому

    As a prior 0331 of the USMC it’s astounding to see the modern tactics used by Germany at such an early age in the art of war pretty crazy outside looking in

  • Vytautas LT
    Vytautas LT 4 роки тому +16

    I was (and still am, I guess) a machinegunner during my service. A lot of methods and formations described in the video are still used, because they are effective. Also, gotta love when your squad bitches about having to carry a belt of ammo, while you're trudging along with that cow around your neck. Also, unrelated, but I read memoirs of a machinegunner in Vietnam, he wrote that they were being told, that average lifespan of a machinegunner after opening fire is 10 seconds. Guns up!

    • Karl Gustafsson
      Karl Gustafsson Рік тому +1

      When I ask them about their peacetime service, most of my older relatives always complain about carrying stuff and wearing bad shoes.
      US companies at the time had ammo runners I think. A jeep or a few dudes from company can be tasked with getting more ammo out.

    • Dreadnought Hvor
      Dreadnought Hvor Рік тому +2

      I was a 240B gunner

  • JMS
    JMS Рік тому +1

    This is such excellent, clear content. Thanks so much for making it. I also like the way there is no bullshit - you just explain and illustrate what you said you would.

  • Jason Clark
    Jason Clark 6 років тому +3

    Great presentation, thanks for putting forth the time and effort.

  • dasSofa
    dasSofa 6 років тому

    The Squadleader was always a Officer (maybe not in the End of the War) and was Standart equipped with a Sidearm, at the beginning it was a Luger. It was also allowed that he buys a other Sidearm and used this. So the Squadleader got a Sidearm and a MP !
    In defense positions the MG used Ammoboxes with 250 Rounds each. If they attack Positions, or marching to make Ground or did some Spy on Enemy positions they used the Ammo drums with 50 rounds.

    • M BR
      M BR 5 років тому

      dasSofa Gruppen (Squad) are always commanded by either NCO (standard) of an experienced enlisted (rare, shortly after losses). Never an Officer. Typically a (Lance)Corporal

  • BlueIceAce
    BlueIceAce 4 роки тому +1

    I grew up with COD... I thought every soldier had a sidearm but this video smashes that conception! Thank you!

    • Military History Visualized
      Military History Visualized  4 роки тому

      fun fact, recently I worked on an infographic for the squad and realized that 3 war-time sources had different layouts for the Schütze 2 & 3 (the guys assisting the MG gunner), it were usually side-arms, but the official regulation was rifles, so I went with that. Generally, side-arms are expensive and of limited effectiveness, so issuing them was not common. Although, it could be that soldiers brought their own, but I am not sure about this. Also depends on the army.

  • Buckwheat
    Buckwheat 4 роки тому

    The US Army adopted German Squad tactics almost entirely after Korea. Built around the M60 7.62 machine gun, MTOE for a rifle platoon was typically 2X M60 machine guns. Everyone carried extra 7.62, grenades and a claymore mine.

  • Ebenizer B. Schlestertrapp Dumoulin
    Ebenizer B. Schlestertrapp Dumoulin 6 років тому

    Great primer. Wish they had been as clear as that in the army. However, walking around in the countryside near Sarajevo, Bosnia, I came upon different sets of bullet holes in buildings concentrated around a curve in a road and I could plainly see that what had happened there was a classic "L shaped" ambush. So I guess some of that training stuck after all. Appreciate the Feldgrau background, by the way...

  • Grendel Grendelsson
    Grendel Grendelsson 4 роки тому

    British squad tactics were similar. The large ammunition pouches on the British soldiers webbing were designed to hold three (I think) Bren gun magazines each side. The riflemen carried their ammunition in canvas bandoliers.

  • RedDogge
    RedDogge 2 роки тому +193

    Assistant: awhh I wanted to use the machine gun :(
    MG gunner: Yeah sure you can
    Assistant: Really? :D
    MG gunner: when Im dead...

    • Dimitry Petrenko
      Dimitry Petrenko Рік тому +2

      "Friendly fire is now enabled"

    • alexisXcore93
      alexisXcore93 2 роки тому +10

      @ALOHA LP "hans... Why the exit wound is on the forehead of the gunner and with a pistol caliber round?..."

    • Feng Termyos
      Feng Termyos 2 роки тому +18

      MG gunner: over my dead body lol

  • veknus
    veknus 6 років тому

    Thanks for the video that was actually educational, love the different idea's between nations and thoughts on how each squad is to perform certain task.

  • Ugly Meez
    Ugly Meez 4 роки тому

    Great video, seems pretty tight too. ‘My only issue with it is having the squad leader with the sub machine. Today squad and team leaders (US A)are stressed to be a lot more hands off so they could direct action and control movement, having an automatic weapon would put him more in the fight rather than control the assault. But that’s putting modern lens on old tactics. Either way awesome video

  • Lukands
    Lukands 6 років тому

    Very interesting video. I like learning about military tactics like this, though I always find it chilling to think about.

  • 17 76
    17 76 Рік тому +1

    That Era soldier was a beast! Leadership, discipline, superior tactics and weapons. (and, those uniforms!)

  • James Smith
    James Smith 3 роки тому

    Thank you for this excellent tutorial. It is tge best explanation of German infantry tactics I have ever seen. I am developing a 6mm miniatures game system and your explanation was a large help.

  • Grá Tinn
    Grá Tinn 4 роки тому +1238

    Girlfriends father: what are your plans with my Daughter
    Me: 6:27

  • Alberto Padilla Pividal
    Alberto Padilla Pividal 2 роки тому

    Ojala todos tus vídeos estuvieran traducidos al español, son muy interesantes.

  • Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson
    Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson 6 років тому

    This is really cool. I'd love to see more videos like this covering other countries, like the US, UK and Russia!

  • 68RatVette
    68RatVette 6 років тому +2

    Very good work here with the EARLY WAR squad tactics
    Please do late 1943 introduction and change to the 1944nA structure and then the late 1944 Volksgrenadier organizations! Lots of interest in D-Day and beyond.
    Smaller squads for the 1944nA KStN tables with 2x SMG (SL and ASL) LMG, 6 riflemen (deletion of the LMG assistant with pistol and ammo makes for a 9-man squad). Nafziger's GERMAN ORDER OF BATTLE shows many Company-sized units with the 8cm mortar, with the remaining 3 mortars and all the HMGs in the Heavy Company. YET, per the organization tables, all the mortars should be in the Heavy Company a section of two HMGs should be delegated to each company.
    Also, could you comment from GERMAN sources other changes, real and on paper for the VG units? In the 1 SEP 44 KStN the VG soldiers are authorized MP, the 1 NOV 44 KStN clarifies/specifies STG44.

  • Hades 131313
    Hades 131313 6 років тому +1

    Very interesting video. Were these tactics basically the same as the one's the German stormtroopers developed in WWI?

    • M BR
      M BR 5 років тому

      Actually german tanks where mostly not that advanced compared the allied tanks. The Tiger I i.e was just a Panzer 4 on steroids.
      The Panther was but the beast was forced into service thankfully 3-6 month to early (Thank you Adolf) and suffered problems with the drive train that caused huge non combat losses. Imagin a Leopard 1A3 in 1944 - that is what Panther could have been if Generals and Engineers had their extra 3-6 month (Panther II prototyp would have been the base then). With self propelled howitzers and AA tanks based on that chassis (Look up Coelian and PzH70). Not a pretty thought.

    • Hades 131313
      Hades 131313 6 років тому

      Thanks. I figured as much. I find it very interesting to see which tactics/strategies from WWI were carried over to WWII and which ones weren't.
      For example: I've seen in several places that Germany (in WWI) allowed their commanders flexibility in the field. While clearly in WWII (especially later in the war) their field commanders didn't have much flexibility at all. Was this due to a doctrinal change by the military or was this just from Hitler wanting to control everything? Or both?

  • Quazsie
    Quazsie 5 років тому

    Excellent content.
    You are easily one of the best Ww2 UAclips channels. Pls don't stop :)

  • DebatingWombat
    DebatingWombat 6 років тому

    Excellent video, especially as it highlights how central the MG34/42 was to the German infantry doctrine, something which is (too) often downplayed in comparisons of standard infantry weaponry (i.e. focusing too much on the Kar98k), especially when a hefty dose self-congratulatory US praise of the M1 Garand is involved. You could say that the advantage of the semi automatic M1 helped to make up for the fact that the US fielded arguably the worst lmg of any major power in WWII. So, kudos for emphasising the combination of weaponry and tactics.

  • Melissa Red
    Melissa Red 6 років тому

    really great vid. good info as i love ww2 military history . Especially admiring the german gear and uniforms and the stuff they had back then. ive done ww2 reenacting for 10 years and reallt enjoy these. can't understand why this video has so many dislikes.

  • Benjamin Tracey
    Benjamin Tracey 4 роки тому

    I was wondering if you have ever uncovered any documentation on German building clearing tactics of the Second World War. This is something that most contemporary armies have developed doctrine for but I am wondering if they have their origins in WW2 procedures, yet my friends and I have yet to find any information. Thanks!

    • Military History Visualized
      Military History Visualized  4 роки тому

      Adrian Wettstein wrote his pdh thesis about it "Wehrmacht in Stadtkampf", sadly, there is no English version. The short answer is that the Germans had little to no pre-war doctrine for fighting in urban areas. I used his book in several videos, mainly on my second channel. One example: uaclips.com/video/BEhkkzIenr0/відео.html

  • Stay Tuned
    Stay Tuned 4 роки тому

    Being a retired infantry marine this video is really interesting to me to see other country’s tactics

  • Sun Tzu
    Sun Tzu 6 років тому +2

    This is an awesome video, really informative and easy to follow, well done!

  • Martynas Berulis
    Martynas Berulis 6 років тому +982

    It's 2 am and I'm wondering why am I watching this instead of doing my homework.

  • sae1095hc
    sae1095hc 5 років тому

    I'm curious about how small unit tactics changed when they started creating 100% MP44 only squads and keeping the MG42s at platoon and company levels.

  • Danner Croll
    Danner Croll 6 років тому +2

    Immediately subscribed, I can't wait to watch more of your videos. This was a great overview of German infantry tactics of World War 2!!!!

  • L. de Wijse
    L. de Wijse 4 роки тому

    I just love these videos, these are so useful as reference information and really interesting for my history buff nature. Just rediscovered your channel and I'm probably going to binge

  • Michael Elliott
    Michael Elliott 4 роки тому

    Would you do a video on WW1 German squad/platoon infantry tactics? Regular infantry or stormtrooper? I know you’ve done a video on stormtrooper tactics before but if you are able to do a comprehensive video for those like you did this one of squad/platoon makeup I think it would be awesome.
    Thank you for all the amazing videos!

    • Michael Elliott
      Michael Elliott 4 роки тому

      Well thank you for what you’ve done, it’s much appreciated.

    • Military History Visualized
      Military History Visualized  4 роки тому +1

      well, as you said I did that already, I didn't come across anything for WW1 that was visual and I used far more and better sources than for this video.

  • Gaston Bell
    Gaston Bell 2 роки тому

    Very similar to modern US infantry squad organization except for a few things: today, we subdivide into 3-man fire teams, which allows for more flexibility. Also the MMG is replaced with an LMG (which doesn't require an assistant gunner) and the squad leader gets a grenade launcher instead of an SMG. All the other basic principles are identical.

  • Paul HANS
    Paul HANS 6 років тому +3

    This video is GREAT!! I am asked constantly if I can make one of these, but it is an area of knowledge I am still working on. Well done.

  • William Fairfax Mason Prescott III
    William Fairfax Mason Prescott III 3 роки тому +2

    Danke! As always, Great job and excellent documemtary video\ description. 👍
    Close to 8 years, I was an infantry medic for the US Army; German squad tactics closely resemble US infantry tactics used today.

  • Silent t
    Silent t 6 років тому

    Imagine a movie where a group 4 squads go on an extremely hard mission and over time only a couple are left and no one is really the main character until the end so you don't know who will die next. The movie uses the tactics this video mentioned.

    • M BR
      M BR 5 років тому

      Silent T We could call it "Cross of Iron" and teach the Major where the Iron Crosses grow.

  • Roll Wax
    Roll Wax 3 роки тому

    Thanks ! Interesting, clear explanations and well illustrated.

  • K98_Zock_TV
    K98_Zock_TV 6 років тому

    What me is interesting, is how the german Sicherheits-Division (standard security/guard/garrison divisions) was organised all over Europe? I know, some had special task and some special or additional units were attached, like the Railway-Gun for example.
    Also the organisation of those units would be nice to know. Were there more older personal inside and so on?
    Great video tough ;)

  • Sophia Cristina
    Sophia Cristina 4 роки тому

    I like your videos, the tactics playlist is very good. I'm now curious about other factions tactics, i can't charge nothing, but would be cool to have other factions videos alike this one, i would ask for the Russian first, of course, you don't have to.

  • Nicholos Caudillo
    Nicholos Caudillo 6 років тому +3

    Very informative. A must for any military buff or re enactors and RPG players

    • M BR
      M BR 5 років тому

      Nicholos Caudillo Actually if you can read german a Reibert or a Cold War Bundeswehr ZDv 3/11 (very close to the Wehrmacht Manual)

  • hans2006
    hans2006 4 роки тому +1

    It's important to note that the MG2 (MG Schütze 2) has to carry one or two spare barrels for use in sustained fire, because the barrel, especially that of the MG42 was of course overheating rather quickly. This tactic is still deployed today with troops that use LMGs/GPMGs and the like.
    The barrel itself is not that heavy but take into account that he also has to carry ammo crates, his personal gear, a side arm, a helmet and so on.

    • hans2006
      hans2006 4 роки тому +1

      OK that sounds reasonable but the spare barrel(s) were/are an integral part of the equipment and were somewhat of a vulnerability of the MG-Schützen/-Nest. But that is more fitting for a "Tactics against german squads in WW2" video. :D

    • Military History Visualized
      Military History Visualized  4 роки тому +1

      yeah, back then I skipped the equipment, cause then there would also be a lot of other stuff like binoculars, pliers, etc.

  • Yes
    Yes 4 роки тому

    This was an amazing video, you should do Spaulding tactics for the other WW2 armies as well.

  • Manatee Man
    Manatee Man 6 років тому

    This was excellent. Even, understandable, concise, and informative. Your delivery was also excellent. Subscribed.

  • JoseAlberto MoSo
    JoseAlberto MoSo 6 років тому

    great video as always. I would like to watch one about the tactics for Fallschirmjager. They did have different weapons and tactics i suppose, right?

  • Simon Fritsch
    Simon Fritsch 6 років тому

    Sehr gutes Video! Könntest du bitte noch so ein Squad Video zu den Amis im Vietnamkrieg machen? Darüber würde ich mich sehr freuen. Insbesondere wie der Granatwerfer eingebunden wurde (Falls dieser überhaupt in einem normalen Squad vorkommt) und wie die Taktik um ihn aussah.

  • Stan Neubert
    Stan Neubert 6 років тому +16

    I knew a U.S Army combat infantry vet who was of the opinion that the semi-automatic M1 rifle gave the Americans a great advantage in combat against the Germans with bolt action rifles, and made up for the advantage the MG 42, being a real machine gun, had over the BAR, which was an automatic rifle pressed into the role of a light machine gun.

    • Karl Gustafsson
      Karl Gustafsson Рік тому +3

      US squad and platoon tactics at the time wanted speed and manouver. It's part of the reason they didn't want as much crew-operated weapons. They still had MGs at company level which could get passed out to platoons.
      Sometimes they describe adding extra BARs to units, to the point where they debate officially making it two BARs per squad. A few people describe understrength platoons where half the survivors got their hands on BARs.

  • Barbosa Guzman
    Barbosa Guzman 6 років тому +2

    thank you for the lesson mate , really enjoyed and being able to visualise it also -
    buddy you just got another sub :)
    good work, keep it up !!

  • The Triumph of the Thrill
    The Triumph of the Thrill 4 роки тому

    Good and informative video. Fascinating, most books on military history show the bigger picture and not the nitty gritty that makes war so compelling.

  • YouTube Comment Poster
    YouTube Comment Poster Рік тому

    Studying combat strategies throughout history is fascinating. A lot of thought and attention goes into killing other humans.