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Battle of Nicopolis, 1396 (ALL PARTS) ⚔️ Christians strike back against the Ottomans ⚔️ DOCUMENTARY

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  • Опубліковано 4 сер 2022
  • 🚩 After the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, the Christian hold over south-eastern Europe weakened greatly. The Ottoman Sultanate expanded their control and influence as far as the Danube. But now the European rulers responded. A large Christian coalition mobilized to reduce the growing Ottoman power in Europe.
    🚩 Consider supporting our work on Patreon and enjoy ad-free early access to our videos for as little as $1: www.patreon.com/historymarche
    🚩 I combined all parts of our Battle of Nicopolis 1396 mini-series for easier watching. This video is a great continuation on the Battle of Kosovo, 1389 video. I hope you will enjoy this one. Thank you so much for your likes and comments ❤️. If you enjoy my videos please consider subscribing.
    📢 Narrated by David McCallion
    🎵 Music:
    Filmstro
    EpidemicSound
    📜 Research and writing: Srpske Bitke
    #medieval #ottoman #historymarche

КОМЕНТАРІ • 1 734

  • HistoryMarche
    HistoryMarche  7 місяців тому +200

    🚩 I combined all parts of our Battle of Nicopolis 1396 mini-series for easier watching. This video is a great continuation on the Battle of Kosovo, 1389 video. I hope you will enjoy this one. Thank you so much for your likes and comments ❤. If you enjoy my videos please consider subscribing.
    🚩 You can also support the channel on Patreon and get ad-free early access to my videos for as little as $1, as well as vote to choose topics for future videos.

    • leapdrive
      leapdrive Місяць тому

      @Mom's Basement MMA , is that why the Western kingdoms left Constantinople to be massacred by the Turks in the 1500s? They were all a conglomeration if Eastern Europeans (the former Byzantine Empire) and all were in schism from the Western Church. Yes, despite their pleas for assistance when faced with an invasion, the pope abandoned them as well to their enemies. This video might have exposed the reason.

    • leapdrive
      leapdrive Місяць тому

      @Mom's Basement MMA , the French Knights started what’s known as Chivalry!

    • Mom's Basement MMA
      Mom's Basement MMA Місяць тому

      Agreed 💯

    • leapdrive
      leapdrive 4 місяці тому

      @Gui Sch , I never heard of French Christian knights or soldiers behaving so badly specially in time of war. In time of war, they are at their best behavior as Catholic Christian soldiers ought to be.

    • leapdrive
      leapdrive 4 місяці тому

      @Gui Sch , this video maker made up this story of French misbehavior to cover-up for the traitors (Serbian and Transylvanian cavalries) who left the French to be massacred. What’s worse than being traitors? They are traitors whom you’re trying to help and then leaving you to die in the hands of your own enemy.

  • Bako najm
    Bako najm 7 місяців тому +992

    Can’t believe I watched this for free it’s better than most paid history documentaries thank you for the amazing content you guys are producing.

    • Groglor
      Groglor 2 дні тому +1

      Welcome to youtube?

    • Paul Redinger
      Paul Redinger 2 місяці тому

      Your not lying brother. They don’t add a lot of irrelevant stuff, and just give facts. Great channel. Oh, no CLICKBAIT titles either. Just accurate facts from history.

    • Prashant D
      Prashant D 2 місяці тому

      I can't imagine how shiityy your life must be, hang in there dude. . .

    • Jim Jones
      Jim Jones 3 місяці тому

      Shillin' for Volodomyr 🇮🇱🏳️‍🌈

  • spamhonx56
    spamhonx56 7 місяців тому +1036

    Whenever a careful victory gets thrown away, why is it always you three?
    -French knights
    -Pride and overconfidence
    -Unplanned frontal cavalry charge

    • LeilaGorilla
      LeilaGorilla 16 днів тому +1

      @Anthony Do here you show that you know nothing about the subject, french cavalry never charged the spikes at Crecy nor at any battle, because a horse wouldn't. What they did was charge the gaps deliberately created by the english which were guarded by english dismounted knights supported by polearms units composed of burghers. The spikes protected longbowmen who were well trained welsh levies who provided support and wounded the mounts. The reason that empalment on spikes is often mentionned is that the first charge fell into traps placed by the english during the night, traps that the french weren't aware of.

    • Tomislav Trtanj
      Tomislav Trtanj 19 днів тому

      Later two are subpoints of the first one. Just like in the fall of Candia on Crete, it held on for over 20 years of siege before the French came to its "aid". French blindly attacked Turks, got slaughtered, blamed their failure on Candian defenders' inaction, and just left. That caused a total loss of morale for Christians and the commander of Candia - Francesco Morosini just gave the keys of the city gates to the Turks. "If you can't win a pitched battle against Christians, wait for the French blunder" - Turkish proverb, probably.

    • Von_Monty
      Von_Monty Місяць тому

      Lol, if the French didn’t sacrifice themselves they would’ve won.

    • Dezgun Knight
      Dezgun Knight Місяць тому

      Bruh hell yeh like why did they do that when they could easily win ://

    • s
      s 2 місяці тому

      Don't forget the eagerness to plunder the enemy camp

  • Sulla2064
    Sulla2064 7 місяців тому +334

    King Sigismund: Don’t worry guys! I have a plan!
    French: Screw your plan, let’s go.
    French: *Get Surrounded*
    King Sigismund: Don’t worry, if we put all of forces together, we can still win!
    Hungarians and Wallachians: *Run Away*
    King Sigmund:*…*

    • Seb Indru
      Seb Indru Місяць тому

      @Moe dictator Noriega Of course the French got obliterated, that was not the point. I was simply justifying the decision of Wallachians and Transylvanians to retreat their troops instead of sending them in the meat grinder with no effect. Since you know France and Britain were a continent away from the Ottomans while Wallachia and Transylvania were at their borders and they had to be ready to face them soon ...lol

    • Moe dictator Noriega
      Moe dictator Noriega Місяць тому

      @Seb Indru complete british defeat? Yeah no way like france also got terribly shaken lol

    • Ensiklopedia Modern Warships
      Ensiklopedia Modern Warships 2 місяці тому

      Lol

    • gaby span
      gaby span 5 місяців тому +6

      @StofStuiver Lol , have you read the manuscripts and journals of the witneses? you are giving your opinion about what would be of the battle based on a video, read the witnesses accounts, the fatal move was the french plunging deep into ottoman lines, one of ottomans well used tactic was just this one, to pin the enemy and slowly reatreat, then envelop and finish them off, then move to another group, the french stood no chance being so far away from the main army. Also, according to the accounts, Mircea offered first to lead the attack and lure the first lines closer to finish them, he wasnt pushed to this by Sigismund. Everyone made the right choice, except the french, but this is history now

    • StofStuiver
      StofStuiver 6 місяців тому +2

      @Seb Indru Err no, the battle could still have been won.
      Even if it wasnt, they could have helped in a fighting retreat of the others.
      Anyway, that is my opinion on it and it is no uise discussing it, as we will never know one way or another.

  • Базированный Демократ
    Базированный Демократ 7 місяців тому +211

    I discovered your channel pretty recently, but I already watched almost all of your videos with great enthusiasm! Everything is dope. Thank you, HistoryMarche team, for your awesome content!

    • Viktor Pál
      Viktor Pál 7 місяців тому +1

      Hannibal&HM rulez!

    • Базированный Демократ
      Базированный Демократ 7 місяців тому +1

      @The Naruto Dragon это калька с английского "based", что примерно означает "крутой" и "недооцененный" )))

    • The Naruto Dragon
      The Naruto Dragon 7 місяців тому

      Ои а кстати што базированыий означает

    • The Naruto Dragon
      The Naruto Dragon 7 місяців тому +2

      Me too

    • HistoryMarche
      HistoryMarche  7 місяців тому +5

      Welcome aboard!

  • Kriegter
    Kriegter 7 місяців тому +544

    French Knights: Gets bogged down in their trademark stupid frontal charge
    Allied Infantry: I miss the part where that's my problem

    • McSmash
      McSmash 4 місяці тому +2

      ˝˝trademark stupid frontal charge˝˝ ah yes a much celebrated tactics used in the middle ages is stupid simply because it didnt work in some battles , completely ignoring the battles where it worked , i guess its easier to focus on the negatives

    • Gerard Jagroo
      Gerard Jagroo 5 місяців тому

      @agentbarron precisely, which why they needed to be led by a high Lord or King

    • agentbarron
      agentbarron 5 місяців тому +2

      @Gerard Jagroo The issue with knights is that they were all people of power, or connected to people of power, so the son of some duke isnt going to want to listen to some commoner who knows way better

    • Adi Borza
      Adi Borza 5 місяців тому

      The romanians (transilvan and valachs), where experienced to fight against turcs, but alsso dealt whit serbians,...! They now that if they will die in a a stupid fight of arogance they will be the first targhets of otomans revenge. Hei it is happening now in Ucraine, if a country like Romania will act agresivly against Rusia, pused by arogance of the vest...the resoults will be not great for us

    • ZenithCODM
      ZenithCODM 6 місяців тому +1

      Sigismund be like: How'd your charge go? Lol

  • Lucas Dimoveo
    Lucas Dimoveo 7 місяців тому +716

    Leave it to the French nobility to try to tank entire armies by themselves. You'd think they would learn that this sort of tactic only works against peasants and levies

    • Kees Hans
      Kees Hans 3 місяці тому

      @Johnny BoyBy this time most of the Turkic populations still lived in tribes and required fertile pastures for their horses. Hence the population exchange towards Thrace for the better pastures.

    • Ahmad Naser
      Ahmad Naser 4 місяці тому

      @La Hire the battle of crecy in the 100 years war that was a horrible defeat same as the Battle of Mansurah another defeat in egypt,, both because of the french knights just charging

    • La Hire
      La Hire 4 місяці тому

      @Ichiro Yamada
      You're not a very clever boy aren't you?

    • La Hire
      La Hire 4 місяці тому

      @Ichiro Yamada
      You're not a very clever boy aren't you?

  • Kian O'Dogan
    Kian O'Dogan 7 місяців тому +155

    "When your team rushes for the kills instead of playing the objective."
    Sums of the French Knights.

  • An Arriving Winged Hussar
    An Arriving Winged Hussar 7 місяців тому +129

    Fun fact, this also happens to be the battle where the famed French Knight John de Carrouges fell in battle at the age of 66. Aka the guy who Matt Damon played in the Last Duel.

    • MrPantopantalones
      MrPantopantalones 7 місяців тому +17

      Nice info. Always wondered where he died after the movie.

  • somewhere6
    somewhere6 7 місяців тому +268

    If this particular crusade had not acted so treacherously and brutally, they might have managed to pull more of the locals and even the Serbians to their side and achieved total victory but that was not likely in this era of competing short term interests.

    • zarni000
      zarni000 6 місяців тому +1

      @Zgembo Adišlić same shit

    • Zgembo Adišlić
      Zgembo Adišlić 6 місяців тому +6

      @zarni000 Not Serbs, but Lazarevic family. They accepted Ottomans becose Hungarians raided and plundered their lands. But there was strong opposition, Brankovic family who could help.

    • What What
      What What 7 місяців тому +2

      @desertnomad bilal didnt the tang dynasty fall because one of the Turks was adopted by the emperor because he found the boy humourous blah blah blah became corrupt thought he would be executed so like alot of chinese rebellions if I'm going to die I might as well rebel. The the a lu shun rebellion, which I'm spelling how it sounds since I've never seen it spelt, happened and china got decimated in their worst civil war ever as far as population percentages is concerned. The Turks just sided with the guy because he was also racially a turk but he was culturally chinese, it was just a chinese civil war

  • Nikolay Ivanov
    Nikolay Ivanov 7 місяців тому +45

    The French had a Leroy Jenkins moment there, one of many in their history. Their inability to learn from past mistakes is mind boggling. Kaloyan slaughtered them in a similar way two centuries earlier at the battle of Adrianople.

    • Geert W
      Geert W 6 місяців тому +3

      @Nikolay Ivanov The French failed because they had not had a peasant girl with them. That was the crucial difference!

    • Ingremance
      Ingremance 7 місяців тому +2

      @Nikolay Ivanov Fair enough...

    • Nikolay Ivanov
      Nikolay Ivanov 7 місяців тому +8

      @Ingremance True. You did get your act together eventually, that's why you won the 100 years war in the end. A pity it was not earlier. A victory at Nicopolis and the following defeat at Ankara could have been enough to stop the Ottoman expansion into Europe before it got out of hand.

    • Ingremance
      Ingremance 7 місяців тому +2

      @Nikolay Ivanov Of course it can be bashing even if it's true. If you listened carefully to the video, you might have noticed that not all French knights agreed on the all-out charge.
      Talking about the period- let's say 1340-1460, right?- you should study the campaigns of Bertrand Duguesclin under Charles V; the battles of Formigny and Castillon, among others... and maybe stop generalizing.

    • Nikolay Ivanov
      Nikolay Ivanov 7 місяців тому +9

      @Ingremance Is it really bashing if it's true? How about the Battle Of Poitiers then? A mere 40 years earlier. Pretty much the same thing, a cavalry charge without support. Overconfidence, arrogance, underestimating an "inferior" opponent are basically trademarks of the french military in that historical period. If that offends you then that is up to you. I have nothing against France or the French people, but this is a recurring pattern. Almost as bad as Byzantine armies getting ambushed in narrow mountain passes.

  • Harpog
    Harpog 6 місяців тому +13

    What an amazing battle, and what an excellent presentation. HistoryMarche's animation never fails to fill me with appreciation for the details of a battlefield and the surrounding terrain, while the narration helps one connect with the emotion that courses through such events. I can tell the narrator sympathizes with Sigismund (as we all do) when he quotes him. There is a reason we Anglo-Americans make French surrender jokes!

    • Harpog
      Harpog 6 місяців тому

      I even forgot that I'd seen this all already, I was thinking "This video seems familiar", then I saw the "All parts".

  • Aasem Ahsan
    Aasem Ahsan 5 місяців тому +31

    1:15 Events after Battle of Kosovo (1389)
    7:09 Call for Crusade
    15:25 Crusader attacks begin
    18:03 Ottomans approach the besieged city of Nicopolis
    22:43 *Battle of Nicopolis*

  • Resileaf
    Resileaf 7 місяців тому +44

    I remember watching this, but had forgotten most of the details. What a joy it is to watch and experience it once more. :D

  • Eggy Egg
    Eggy Egg 7 місяців тому +32

    I highly enjoy your content. The voice overs, animations, history,the sounds and music. This is S+ tier content yall make.

    • Twist Da Beast
      Twist Da Beast 7 місяців тому

      I agree, his voice is fucking good to hear 😂🍻

  • Erik Gomez
    Erik Gomez 7 місяців тому +47

    Your videos are of first-rate quality. I truly love them.

    • HistoryMarche
      HistoryMarche  7 місяців тому +8

      Glad you like them! Thank you so much for the tip!

  • Calin Niculescu
    Calin Niculescu Місяць тому

    great material,excellent description of the events and very accurate! a treat for history lovers!

  • Amin Wazir
    Amin Wazir 7 місяців тому +5

    I found this channel accidently , in essence I was looking for this type of historically channel 🌷💖💖
    Thank you Sir for making such astonishing historical videos with your amazing voice. Keep uploading 🙏🙏🙏

  • Google User
    Google User 7 місяців тому +14

    I absolutely love this channel. Thankyou so much for all the amazing content

    • Alphaomar Barry
      Alphaomar Barry 5 місяців тому

      Even me this is my favorite Chanel

  • Turco949
    Turco949 2 місяці тому +2

    Excellent material and presentation! Highly enjoyable animation and narration as well. Kudos to your channel and work!

  • Mom's Basement MMA
    Mom's Basement MMA Місяць тому +1

    Love this channel thank you so much for all the great content ❤️

  • DraBattle - Lịch sử Hoạt Hình
    DraBattle - Lịch sử Hoạt Hình 5 місяців тому

    The channel releases videos regularly, with an easy to understand and interesting historical recap. Hope the channel produces more interesting historical videos☺☺

  • Dániel Pozsár
    Dániel Pozsár Місяць тому +1

    Amazing videos! I truly enjoy watching these!
    Would you be so kind to make a video about the Siege of Belgrade (1456)? Or other triumphs and defeats of John Hunyadi?

  • Bis Tris
    Bis Tris 2 місяці тому +5

    this channel is addictive imagine having something as this back in primary schools I would have begged parents to take me there

  • JPGoertz
    JPGoertz 7 місяців тому +5

    Clearly the best history channel - with a grain of humor! Great!

  • Mark Blackburn
    Mark Blackburn 5 місяців тому +18

    The most poignant line ever 'we lost the battle on the vanity and pride of those French Knights'

  • Steve Drugscreensrus
    Steve Drugscreensrus 7 місяців тому +28

    Best narrator of any of these types of channels, excellent work.

  • Rick James
    Rick James 7 місяців тому +136

    Repeatedly throughout history we have seen this same scenario play out when Christian forces unite. The arrogant French knights(young pups) usually listen to no one and lose several battles due to overconfidence. They arrive full of pride, disregard all, and die while costing everyone else everything. Note to self: Don’t invite French aristocrats.

    • Ahmad Naser
      Ahmad Naser 2 місяці тому +1

      @La Hire the sixth crusade was also lost due to the french charging the muslims .. which the muslims lured them into the city and opened the gate for the french and cut them from the main army only to be slaughtered ..

    • Sir Gags
      Sir Gags 3 місяці тому

      @SD OMAR at least we can back up what we claim 😂

    • Rick James
      Rick James 6 місяців тому

      @Tib Sky13 That’s true but you could also argue that due to pride and the inability to work together a few crusades ended disastrously.

    • Janos Toth
      Janos Toth 7 місяців тому

      Most people got today the same weaknesses. They play World of Warcraft Battlegrounds on the Alliance Side. They think, they can win something, when they reach as first (alone) the enemy line and second and third, but all they get is to get slaughtered in a second without achieving anything. They got no brain and no patience to form a horizontal line for the advance. They run in a long vertical line into the enemy.

    • My name
      My name 7 місяців тому

      Timur Sayfullah Yes.
      After this battle there was no Christian alliance against Turks next couple of hundred years.
      Hungarians and Croats fought alone.Later Austrians.

  • olivier puyou
    olivier puyou 7 місяців тому +61

    If there is one thing that cannot be blamed on the French knights, it is their courage and their valor in battle.
    On the other hand the tactic (apart from that of big nags) was not their forte.
    This irrational search for glory at all costs, even that of their death, has something both magnificent and tragic about it.
    A tradition inherited from their Gallic ancestors who fought naked to defy death and their adversaries?

    • Ahmad Naser
      Ahmad Naser 4 місяці тому

      the gaul fighting naked is a roman propaganda to de humanize them,,

    • majungasaurusaaaa
      majungasaurusaaaa 7 місяців тому +5

      It's a matter of leadership and discipline. Feudal armies lacked both.

    • Bulan Goldstein
      Bulan Goldstein 7 місяців тому +8

      @MaXiMuS54 Then why the hell they traveled all the way from the other end of Europe to Balkans?

    • MaXiMuS54
      MaXiMuS54 7 місяців тому +2

      I'd say its more so they saw the Ottomans as tribal barbarians who weren't even worth their time.

    • Radostin Georgiev
      Radostin Georgiev 7 місяців тому +4

      I call it plain and simple stupidity. But they will learn that this stupidity leads them only to ruin, especially a few years later at Agincourt.

  • Leandro Menendez
    Leandro Menendez 7 місяців тому +8

    What a legends!!!! Cheers for another epic video HistoryMarche!

  • Milo Delacher
    Milo Delacher 3 місяці тому +4

    I love the energy of the narrator
    Realy makes the whole story so much more intense and interresting

  • Ch usman kahloon
    Ch usman kahloon 3 місяці тому

    Totally mesmerized by this channel what a wonderful representation with quality.Truly amazing ✌✌.

  • Răzvan Andrei Antonescu Rogoz
    Răzvan Andrei Antonescu Rogoz 3 місяці тому +2

    Our hero Mircea was sung in several Romanian poems, most notably Mihai Eminescu's "The third epistle" and Grigore Alexandrescu's "The shadow of Mircea. At Cozia"
    Eminescu didn't fail to capture the sultan's arrogance and neverending ambition, but also the West's dubious reasons for participating in the battle of Nicopolis

    • radislav rashev
      radislav rashev 3 місяці тому

      What language is this...?
      This is Mircho Stari(old)

    • radislav rashev
      radislav rashev 3 місяці тому

      Издание:Ioan Bogdan - Documente și regeste privitoare la relațiile Țăriĭ Rumînești cu Brașovul și Ungaria în secolul XV și XVI
      doc_iddoc_193
      Mircea I (cel. Bătrân).
      (1386 - 31 Ian. 1418).
      I.
      † Азъ иже въ христ(а) бога благовѣриии и христѡлюбиви и самодръжавии Іѡ Мирча, великыи воевода и господииь, ѡбладаѫщꙋ ми и господствꙋѫщꙋ ми въсеи земи Ꙋгровлахїи и запланинскым еще же и кѫ татарскым странам и ѡба пол по въсемꙋ подꙋнавиꙋ даже и до великаго морѣ, и милостиѫ божїеѫ и Дръстрꙋ градꙋ владалец, благопроизволи господство ми своим благим произволеиием, чистим и свѣтлым сръдцем, и даровах сии хрїсовꙋл господства ми и исплъиих прошеиие пръгарем Брашѡвскым, понеже просихѫ господство ми, ꙗко да поиовим и да ꙋтвръдим закоии, що сѧ имали ѡт прѣродители господства ми за кꙋмеркь , по тѫрговох ꙋ земи господства ми и иа пѫти Брашовском дорї до Браил(а) : ꙗко да даваѫт ѡт а͠ вилар иприфертꙋи, ѡт хꙋсолови пер.. ѡт колꙋии в͠і дꙋк., ѡт чех ѕ͠ дꙋк., а ѡт рѣзан виларъ иищо; и хто иосит шапкы фрѫшскыѫ, иищо; ѡт возилиицѫ мед в͠і дꙋк., ѡт виио возилиицѫ ѕ͠ дꙋк., ѡт коиѣ кои кꙋпит, ѕ͠ дꙋк., ѡт мажѫ восѫк в͠і дꙋк., ѡт пипер, ѡт шофран ѡт бабак, ѡт влъиѫ камилевѫ, ѡт агиѧтиии, ѡт кожїе и ѡт кꙋпиѫ иии, що доходѧт ѡт морѣ, ѡт р͠ пер. г͠ пер.; бравъ свини в͠ дꙋк., вол г͠ дꙋк., крава г͠ дꙋк., ѡт ѡвиа дꙋк., ѡт елеииѫ кожѫ а͠ дꙋк.; ако бѫдѫт дрꙋгиѫ кожѫ с иеѫ, да ие даст нищо; ѡт мѣх сиреиие а͠ дꙋк.; коиик, кои менет мимо Тꙋрчъ, г͠ баии; пѣшец баи; и еще кои поминꙋѫт с рибѫ, ѡт кола а͠ рїбѫ, а връхꙋ що щет бит, да ие даст иищо; а на Браил(а) мажа а͠ п[ерпе]ра, а иа кола ꙋ Тръгшор а͠ рїбѫ; ꙋ Тѫрговище такождере; кѡн товарен бѫдї съ щим либо, г͠ дꙋк.; и на Дѫбовицѫ, ꙋ кола колико коне, толикози и дꙋк. и а͠ рибѫ, а ѡт кон товарен г͠ бани, а ѡт иних кꙋпеи нищо; и кон слободен а͠ дꙋк. и пѣшець бан. И еще же кои си дават добитѫк ꙋ длъгь, да си ищет длъжника или емци, аще имат, а ѡт права чловѣка да сѧ варꙋѫт; а нихто права чловѣка да не бантꙋет. Еще же кто сѧ щет покꙋсит ѡт болѣр господства ми, велицѣх же и малих, бѫдї да ест кꙋпен тоизи кꙋмеркь, бѫдї да ест комꙋ либо милость дадена, та прїложит та не стоит на що сѫм ꙋтвръдил и законил на пръвом законѣ, тѡ такови имат приѫт велико зло и ѡргиѫ ѡт господства ми. И се быст, еги доиде Фелентин и Мартин и Крꙋш ꙋ Длъгомполи. И се свѣдѣтеле : Радꙋл бан, жꙋпан Андрїаш, жꙋпан Радꙋлъ, брат жꙋпан(а) Казана, жꙋпан Шербан Билчарев, жꙋпан Стоика Рꙋсин, жꙋпан Бадѣ Вамешов. И азъ лѡгѡѳет Балдовин писах, мѣсѧца авгꙋст(а) ѕ͠ день, въ лѣто ҂ѕцка, енд. ѕ͠.
      † Іѡ Мирча вѡевѡда, милостїѧ божїеѧ господинь.
      Mihail I, coregent al lui Mircea I.
      (c. 1415 - 31 Ianuarie 1418).
      II.
      † Іѡ Михаил, великїи воевода и господинь, пишет господство ми слꙋгам господства ми ѡт Дѫбовицѫ град, вамешѡм ѡт Рꙋкел и ѡт Тꙋрчь, и такози ви ѡрисꙋет господство ми, ꙗко да сѧ сте варꙋвале ѡт сѣхзи Брашовѣн, не грабѣте их, нѫ им взимаите вамѫ правѫ, пач(е) им и оугаждаите. И коматѣ сꙋкнѣиа, ако възимаѫт рѣдаиы калцѣ, либо по г͠ д͠ лакти, ие дѣите их вамꙋвати, иѫ ходѣте право и живѣте с иими лѣпо и добрѣ, да се ие плачѧт ѡт вас помиѡгѡ родїтелю господства ми, както до иииѣ, либо господствꙋ ми, та да си чꙋѫ иѣщ(о) рѣчи ѡт рѡдїтелѣ господства ми възради рѣч(и) вашѫ; поиеже имат господство ми велико зло ꙋчииити томꙋзи чловѣкꙋ, що им би позабавил по иеправдѣ, аще и влас едии. Иио ие ще бити, по ѡризмꙋ господства ми.
      † Іѡ Мїхаиль вѡевѡда, милостїѧ божїеѧ господииь.
      III.
      † Іѡаиь Михаил воевода и господииь, дават господство ми сїѧ ѡризмо господства ми сѣмзи Брашовѣиом и Ръжиовѣнѡм, ꙗко варе кои чловѣкь ѡт земѧ господства ми рѡдїтелѣ и господства ми имат дльгь ꙋ Брашовѣиь, а онь да подет тамо, да си ищет дльг ѡт длъжиика; ако мꙋ ие би платил ѡт волѧ, а тои да го тѧглит прѣд пръгари, да ако щѫт имѣти ѡт кѫдꙋ взѧти, а тїе мꙋ щѫт платит; аще ли не би имал длъжникот ѡт кѫдꙋ платит, а онь да си бїе ѡчи, що нѣ сї е дал добитьк ꙋ добра чловѣка. А никто да не смѣеть взѧти зде залѡг ѡт правѣх людї ѡт Брашовѣн, и нигде се не заложѫт; ѡти варе кто се би покꙋсиль да им позабавит, аще и влас един, имат изгинѫт ѡт родїтелѣ господства ми и ѡт господство ми; нѫ котрижде да си ищет тамо длъг ѡт длъжника, по ѡризмꙋ господства ми.
      † Іѡ Мїхаиль вѡевѡда, милостїѫ божїеѧ господинь.

  • Michael Singer
    Michael Singer 7 місяців тому +196

    Sigismund and Mircea had the the right idea here. Pity others did not listen to them.
    Bayezid was wise to get Stefan and the Serbs as allies. But he would not get to enjoy his victory for long. Timur is coming soon.

    • Şahin DAĞLI
      Şahin DAĞLI 2 місяці тому

      @Xaanko I believe Stefan's loyalty at battle of Ankara shows that he has more than that against Bayezid.

    • Ljubica Dimitrijević
      Ljubica Dimitrijević 6 місяців тому

      @t y Who was converted to Islam?

    • aksmex
      aksmex 6 місяців тому +2

      @StofStuiver in this situation, as you saw, only one side was raping and pillaging as you saw they massacred entire CHRISTIAN towns. Idk why you had to bring in religion into this. You just made that this was a battle between Crusaders but part of the people they fought were Christians 😂😂

    • aksmex
      aksmex 6 місяців тому +2

      @StofStuiver I just repeated what you said back to you 😂
      You saw the video, the crusaders came raping and pillaging, why would the locals want to side with them?

  • Κώστας Παπαϊωάννου
    Κώστας Παπαϊωάννου Місяць тому +2

    Incredible video, wish i could offer more, you help me with my studies.

    • HistoryMarche
      HistoryMarche  28 днів тому +2

      Every bit counts! Thanks so much for the support. Very kind of you.

  • Ahmet Sagay
    Ahmet Sagay Місяць тому

    Çok güzel anlatım sunum tebrik ederim başarılar diliyorum 🙌

  • Timuçin
    Timuçin 2 місяці тому +4

    "Go and meet me with more allies and bigger armies, so that the glory and the glory that I will gain will be even greater!" Yıldırım Beyazıt, 1396, Nicopolis.

  • Flash Point History
    Flash Point History 7 місяців тому +54

    30 Minutes + huh? These are killer to make. But nicely done! Just gonna have to get a video out that long to match you ;)

    • Ai
      Ai 7 місяців тому

      Love your videos

    • Flash Point History
      Flash Point History 7 місяців тому

      @HistoryMarche I'm going to need to pick your brain when I start up with the Ottomans

    • Radu
      Radu 7 місяців тому +1

      @HistoryMarche great job❤️

    • HistoryMarche
      HistoryMarche  7 місяців тому +7

      I figured that merging the Nicopolis mini-episode would fit nicely as a sequel of sorts to the Kosovo video. The two topics are intrinsically linked, but I've covered them in reverse 🤪, having done Nicopolis 1396 AD way back in 2020 and Kosovo 1389 in 2022.

  • Wojciech Kasprzak
    Wojciech Kasprzak 7 місяців тому +4

    This is top notch content!

  • Chuck DeGoal
    Chuck DeGoal 7 місяців тому +5

    Leadership (or lack of it) is always the determining factor. From the King down to the field level, the French often suffered from mediocre leadership during the Hundred Year war.

  • Hannibal Barca
    Hannibal Barca 7 місяців тому +5

    I love your videos so much History march There just so amazing.

  • MintyLime
    MintyLime 7 місяців тому +31

    It's always the same suspects who snatch defeat from the jaws of victory. I swear during this time all it took to be a legendary military leader is patience and caution.

    • MaXiMuS54
      MaXiMuS54 7 місяців тому +8

      Thats largely impossible as multi nation armies are volunteers and basically aren't required to follow any orders

  • NEW
    NEW 7 місяців тому +7

    👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻 It can be seen from a distance that the creators of this video are experts in what they do

  • zento1702
    zento1702 7 місяців тому

    Great video as always!

  • Air Controll Tower
    Air Controll Tower 7 місяців тому +3

    Great representation as always!

  • Kuroi Berserker
    Kuroi Berserker 6 місяців тому +2

    Your videos are masterpieces (mostly)

  • Red Sunflower
    Red Sunflower 7 місяців тому +9

    “Hold on bravely, I will not abandon you” we will! We will my sultan!😌😘🥰

  • Seifeddin BENSASSI
    Seifeddin BENSASSI 7 місяців тому +2

    would you guys make something about Ragnar Lothbrook vs King Egbert battles in the 800s ?
    I love your work

  • justin wolf
    justin wolf 7 місяців тому +5

    Im a simple man I see “war in the balkans” and I have to watch because I know it’s gonna be awesome!

  • Kris Lapler
    Kris Lapler 2 місяці тому +1

    It's always entertaining to watch hubris get everything it deserves.

  • aylithan
    aylithan 7 місяців тому +2

    I'd be really interested to see the battles in which French arrogance, elan, and prowess led to victory. They must have been overly confident for a reason

  • giorx5
    giorx5 7 місяців тому

    And this is another example why the experience/knowledge of war tactics is much more valuable than enthusiasm. Especially in war. Only Alex the Great managed to win everyone being so young and with so much more inferior number of forces.

  • KulinBan777
    KulinBan777 6 місяців тому +1

    Excellent video one of the best I’ve seen lately

  • Canadian Entrepreneur
    Canadian Entrepreneur 7 місяців тому +5

    I am Romanian by birth . Valiant from Mircea to have done the first raid with his 500 cavalrymen . Very brave of him to have confirm and accept Sigismund proposal that his army be in the first line but he should have kept the flank and support their allies till the end even if the fight turned almost impossible to win at that stage due to stupidity and cheap cockiness of the french . However on a second thought he had to think strategic and long term : his country was devastated from previous Ottoman incursions and had he been anihilated there it was no one else left to defend his country against the ottomans in the future and Wallachia would have been conquered for the next 600 years by them . So his reasoning was better given the circumstances . However Sigismund was the instigator of the battle , he called all the french and other allies so he should have honoured his duties till the end no matter what but instead he left . Maybe Mircea left after seeing Sigismund was leaving who knows?

    • Sticla Voda
      Sticla Voda 7 місяців тому +1

      @Radostin Georgiev Wallachia had not existed for long at that point. This was not the last push. We had many leaders afterwards, because Wallachia did not fall, and neither did Moldavia, the other Romanian nation. Vlad the Impaler, Stephen the Great (especially him), Michael the Brave continued the courageous and difficult fight against the Ottomans, securing Christianity some of the greatest victories in history. For us this was a failed conflict. We knew we could defeat the Ottomans in more localized conflicts. Watch a video made by the same channel on the Battle of Vaslui for you to see the continuation of our crusade against the Turks.

    • Radostin Georgiev
      Radostin Georgiev 7 місяців тому

      @Sticla Voda Yeah bro true they didn't had the benefit of hindsight. And the blame is solely for Sigismund as a leader for not managing to handle all of the different parties involved, especially the French glory seekers(the morons). We in Bulgaria have a lot of respect for Mircea Stari and his kin for helping us and for his long and valiant fights against the Turks pretty much he was the only leader left to challenge them in the Balkans. But the problem was that everyone was preoccupied with his little fiefdom so it was easy for the Turks, especially after the Mongol invasions and the devastation by the plague there were not many people left in the Balkans for defence.Also the Ottomans, used as mercenaries for years by the Balkan kingdoms, masterfully played them against each other in order to weaken them even more, before conquering them. So a coalition this big with Western Europe against the Ottomans was the biggest opportunity ever for the Balkans and it should've been seen as the ultimate last push by Mircea and even by the vassal Serbs who saved the day for Bayezid, but at that time we were too fragmented and it was everybody for himself.

    • Sticla Voda
      Sticla Voda 7 місяців тому +2

      @Radostin Georgiev neither he, nor Sigismund, had this hindsight. They could not see the future. There is a reason the Transylvanians did the same as the Wallachians. Their superior, Sigismund, was unsure about the attack. Even he was contemplating retreat. It was not cowardly, but calculated. Read "Battle of Rovine". Mircea was the greatest Christian Crusader in that period and showcased a lot of bravery, giving Wallachia its greatest territorial expansion behind Michael the Brave's enormous conquests (in the form of Personal Union with Transylvania and Moldavia), and a long rule of circa 30 years in total.

    • h y
      h y 7 місяців тому +2

      @Radostin Georgiev No, Timur did not want anyone to be strong in the west before the Chinese campaign.If there was a strong rome Timur would definitely fight its too.And you still don't understand that Timur's arguments serve their purpose.The Ottomans were already the continuation of the Seljuks, but this was not important for Timur.used Islam against the hospital knights, used different arguments against other communities.But what mattered to Timur was their submission to his power.I mean, whoever was instead of Bayezid would have fought him.

    • Radostin Georgiev
      Radostin Georgiev 7 місяців тому

      @h y They would have to face Timur either way since he saw the Seljuks as the rightful airs of Anatolia and not the Ottomans.And the Europeans failed to take back the lost territories during the Ottomans civil war after Bayezid was killed.The Venetians and the Genoese even helped the Ottomans in the wars with Timur.

  • Scott Saunders
    Scott Saunders 7 місяців тому +11

    Almost looked like for once that the French cavalry mass charge wouldn't lead to disaster. They almost had me!

  • Victor Kumps
    Victor Kumps 7 місяців тому +2

    I really love your channel and have seen all the videos but I have a question on this one.
    Did you hesitate to portray the duke of Burgundy with of map of his estates? Here he just looks like a random french noble, which although legally accurate, doesn't reflect the real situation at the time.
    His banquet of the pheasant impressed the whole of Europe with his wealth and power and he basically financed and organised and substantially manned the crusade.
    Not only that but he was the senior noble in France, the king was his nephew and he had huge influence over french affaires while building the richest state of Europe in the low countries.
    De facto he was independent and his son who indeed led the crusade will end up causing a civil war in France and even allying with the english against them.
    I was wondering if you would consider making a video on that history not often told (mostly historians focus on the death of the last duke but the state they created was way more interesting).

  • kresoja
    kresoja 7 місяців тому

    Yet another great vid, love this channel

  • Plamen Nedkov
    Plamen Nedkov 6 місяців тому +4

    Благодарим ви!

  • George Balcanu
    George Balcanu 2 місяці тому

    A video about Mircea the Elder and the battle of Rovine would be nice !

  • Genichiro Ashina
    Genichiro Ashina 7 місяців тому +6

    I have watched both parts of this video like 100 times already. But i will watch again.

  • eqbal321a
    eqbal321a 6 місяців тому +3

    that was very enjoyable with battle details, bravo

  • David Wallace
    David Wallace 2 місяці тому

    I have watched all your docs twice .. this is my favorite

  • Flavius Popa
    Flavius Popa 2 місяці тому +1

    Great documentary
    Mircea The Elder was the grandfarther of Vlad III Dracula.. and is one of the most appreciated walachian voievods by us romanians.. Those darn pridefull frech should had listened to him.. About the walachians retreat he did the right call to preserve his troops as he knew otomans will atack Walachia again and they did.. for several centuries after this events Walachia was a buffer between Otomans and Hungary (and after hungary fall )Austrian empire

    • علي ياسر
      علي ياسر 7 днів тому

      No, this land is under the control of the Ottomans, the fourth Ottoman Sultan

  • David T
    David T 7 місяців тому +1

    If you want more zaniness of the 1400s check out A Distant Mirror. Both the book and audiobook are great.

  • Zakaria Alami
    Zakaria Alami 7 місяців тому +5

    all the love for beyezid for his amazing victory

  • J WiNK
    J WiNK 7 місяців тому +20

    "youre excommunicated."
    "no youre excommunicated!"
    😂history and a laugh.

    • Viktor Pál
      Viktor Pál 7 місяців тому

      I approve more! XD

  • wedgeantillies66
    wedgeantillies66 7 місяців тому +7

    Unfortunately surviving French commanders didn't learn from disaster of this battle and would commit the same error at Agincourt nearly 20 years later, charging ahead of the main army to engage enemy in a narrow frontage that negates their military advantages and leads to them getting slaughtered.

  • Bundle of Humble
    Bundle of Humble День тому

    You deserve millions of subscribers.

  • XxHanzomainxX123
    XxHanzomainxX123 7 місяців тому +3

    You guys should make a historical game based off the little box troops, similar to rise of kingdoms

    • XxHanzomainxX123
      XxHanzomainxX123 7 місяців тому

      @Puppy I'm addicted to total war

    • Puppy
      Puppy 7 місяців тому

      Try total war video games

  • Bogdan
    Bogdan 7 місяців тому +51

    The Wallachians had just fought the Ottomans and their Serbian allies the previous year at Rovine and basically won the victory that saved us from becoming an eyalet. They lost most of their army there. Knowing the military prowess of the French and seeing them destroyed surely shattered their hopes of victory.

    • Zoran Nbg
      Zoran Nbg Місяць тому

      And Wallachians didnt help the Serbs at Kosovo battle against the Turks 1389

    • aksmex
      aksmex 7 місяців тому +2

      They were smart to preserve whatever troops they had because they knew that they could keep a local guerilla war, and that is why they were never properly conquered.

    • raouf duc
      raouf duc 7 місяців тому +4

      If the walachians charged maybe they stood a chance of full Victory they could have won against the ottoman infantry and stop the Serbia. Cavalry a d annihilated the ottoman there but they miscalculated the situation

  • 𝔙𝔦𝔠
    𝔙𝔦𝔠 7 місяців тому +1

    It’s amazing how all of Europe fought for one purpose

    • CuzImMOODY
      CuzImMOODY 19 днів тому +1

      and lost decisively

  • Young King
    Young King Місяць тому

    Cavalry was so underrated. If a kingdom didn't have it was a hard time to grow. Polish cavalry comes to mind on a growth of a empire

  • DJ Non-Refundable Fee
    DJ Non-Refundable Fee 7 місяців тому +3

    When Sigismund says chill you listen. The crazy part is he knew immediately to blame the french 😂😂😂😂😂😂every thing he said was negated by them. They were very brave but undisciplined letting pride cloud their better judgment and to properly assess the situation.

  • paulo felipe b braga
    paulo felipe b braga 8 днів тому +1

    Great video and great channel! I even forgot i was sitting comfortly at my home.

  • Lorenc Lame
    Lorenc Lame 2 місяці тому

    Belligerents camps in this battle are very interesting. Also those of battle of Rovine too.

  • Bloody🩸Mary
    Bloody🩸Mary 7 місяців тому +7

    That was a particularly bloody battle

  • John Steiner
    John Steiner 7 місяців тому +6

    "It's Mircea! Get him!"
    Love it.
    😄

  • Nathan Carrier
    Nathan Carrier 3 місяці тому

    Yep, that exact French knight attitude is why England was not utterly crushed from the start in the 100 years war. Literally almost every single French defeat is due to it. You needed a strong leader to rein them in, then they were formidable.

  • Artur Karpinski
    Artur Karpinski 7 місяців тому +39

    The French also "squabbled" with each other before the battles of Crecy and Agincourt over who will take the glory!! Also, they celebrated their victories the night before... both times!!🤦‍♂️

    • Artur Karpinski
      Artur Karpinski 7 місяців тому +3

      @Random Brit 🐴

    • Random Brit
      Random Brit 7 місяців тому +1

      @Artur Karpinski As a Brit, I am legally required to inform you none of those people existed.

    • Artur Karpinski
      Artur Karpinski 7 місяців тому +6

      @Perry Tran agreed!!! Charles Martel, Charlamange, Joan of Arc, Lafayette and countless others shaped not just European but world history. Although, not French in descent Napoleon's French army made most other European powers tremble. I saw a connection between the video and those battles so I mentioned it!!!

    • Artur Karpinski
      Artur Karpinski 7 місяців тому +2

      @HistoryMarche Sun Tzu would agree!!!⚔

    • Perry Tran
      Perry Tran 7 місяців тому +6

      It's fun to meme on the French but let's not forget they got their own moments to shine especially in the Hundred Years War. Crecy and Agincourt were just the absolute worst showings.

  • Bilge Tonyukuk
    Bilge Tonyukuk 13 днів тому +1

    Just realized that Nicopolis is next to Plevne, another important place in Turkish history.

  • Muhammet Canikli
    Muhammet Canikli 5 місяців тому +1

    your voice and your narration is beautiful bro! It's also nice to hear from different historians.

  • David Popplewell
    David Popplewell 5 місяців тому

    Great Thanks. Could you include some references to sources?

  • Predator 20357
    Predator 20357 2 дні тому

    The amount of frustration I get when I see the battle in action. It’s like watching a kitchen slowly being consumed by fire and the process of stopping it was constantly hindered before it all got consumed.

  • Mihai Mihai
    Mihai Mihai 7 місяців тому +5

    I am Romanian, I love history and Mircea the Elder and I did not knew shit about him until you. I only knew he did good job on Rovine battle. Thank you for your wonderful work.

    • Al Co
      Al Co 3 місяці тому +1

      @What Aboutism Basarab most likely had some cuman heritage, but that doesn't make him cuman. much less his grandson Mircea or his grandgrandson Vlad.
      so put the pipe down and use common sense.

    • Dan C
      Dan C 4 місяці тому +1

      @What Aboutism And? My ancestors are partly turkish, partly greek, partly italian and even german. That doesn't mean I'm not romanian since most of my kin is romanian

    • What Aboutism
      What Aboutism 5 місяців тому

      @Mihai Mihai its the truth! Basarab family is cuman turk! Even vlad had big turkish moustache:))

    • Mihai Mihai
      Mihai Mihai 5 місяців тому +1

      @What Aboutism it is not my job to prove your dreams right

    • What Aboutism
      What Aboutism 5 місяців тому

      @Mihai Mihai whats your problem its the truth! Proof me otherwhise:))

  • Nenenin Donu
    Nenenin Donu 7 місяців тому +32

    This video struck me like a *Thunderbolt*

    • Seඞn
      Seඞn 7 місяців тому +1

      I feel like the narrator is scolding me

    • Mustafa okuducu
      Mustafa okuducu 7 місяців тому +2

      LOLOLOLOLOLOL

  • GarkKahn
    GarkKahn 7 місяців тому

    This content is the main reason why i still watch youtube

  • Belisarius Plebicus
    Belisarius Plebicus 7 місяців тому +2

    I love the maps and animations, what software do you guys use?

    • Belisarius Plebicus
      Belisarius Plebicus 7 місяців тому

      @HistoryMarche Thank you very much!

    • HistoryMarche
      HistoryMarche  7 місяців тому +2

      Photoshop for graphics, After Effects for animations.

  • Marek Melša
    Marek Melša 7 місяців тому

    Please make Hussiten wars. They defeated many crusades and had very originall tactics...And it´s connected with Sigismund.

  • 𝔙𝔦𝔠
    𝔙𝔦𝔠 7 місяців тому

    Amazingly done

  • AlGazi
    AlGazi 7 місяців тому +2

    can you make video about Battle of Firaz? it will be pretty interesting since Persians and Romans fought together against the Rashidun caliphate

  • İki Elin Sesi
    İki Elin Sesi 7 місяців тому +135

    According to Ottoman sources, upon the ransoms for the nobles had been paid, they swore to never fight against Bayezid. But Bayezid replied with: “I return this oath to you. Go, gather armies and advance on me again. And give me the opportunity to regain the glory of victory!”
    He was the chad of the 14th century.

    • CuzImMOODY
      CuzImMOODY 2 місяці тому +1

      @EroticOnion23 after destroying the christians and breaking the cross mutliple times and also timur was a muslims so what are you bragging about?

    • Sado Yasturadoğlu
      Sado Yasturadoğlu 6 місяців тому +1

      @EroticOnion23 What you don't know is that right after the battle started, most Turkmen Beys and black Tatars in the Ottoman army went over to Timur's side.

    • yes yes
      yes yes 6 місяців тому +1

      @Ugurcan191 U Cope Sand Man

  • Rafi's Video Log
    Rafi's Video Log 7 місяців тому

    although its free, but can I request for more frequent videos without losing the awesome quality?

  • Christopher G
    Christopher G 7 місяців тому +5

    Knights - yet again, snatching defeat from the jaws of victory!
    However, at least this time the Wallachian and Transilvanians carry half the blame. Had they covered the right flank - and maybe done a flanking on the left - this could have turned into a victory.

    • Tudor Cautisanu
      Tudor Cautisanu 7 місяців тому +3

      The Walachians and Transilvanians acted on pride as well there. Even so, I believe they made a wise choice. The serbian cavaliry would have destroyed the crusader's right flank anyway or at least inflict heavy losses. It was obvious that any teritorial gain on the balkans couldn't be consolidated after a Pirus victory because the ottomans also had troops in Anatolia. The price would have too high for the walachians and transivlanians to try to hold the flanks, they needed to protect their lands of an eventual ottoman retaliation

  • Veriox22
    Veriox22 7 місяців тому +1

    interesting video, im addicted to your content.

  • War Pigs
    War Pigs 13 днів тому

    Imagine, the most inexperienced commanders forcing your hand and the battle.

  • Bdleo
    Bdleo 4 місяці тому +1

    Excellent video.

  • Juan Ferreira
    Juan Ferreira 7 місяців тому +3

    You would think the French would have learned their lesson after the twin disasters that the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers were to them. And they would repeat this again at the Battle of Agincourt a few decades later lol.

  • Crypto Master BD
    Crypto Master BD 27 днів тому +2

    I really love this channel, love from Bangladesh

  • Demonlord242
    Demonlord242 3 місяці тому +1

    Sigismund: We should work together to ensure we achieve total victory.
    French Nobles: F1, F3

  • titi
    titi 4 місяці тому

    One video sur James Abercrombie. Best bad general for the all time. LA référence appris de nos jours dans les armées moderne. Montcalm and fort carillon